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The Universe of The Universe Wiki
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Universe Timeline is a page dedicated to show the main events that have occurred in the universe to this day and beyond.

(Based on click here)

Contents

Timeline

Big Bang.png

0 Seconds

379,000 years

  • The Cosmic Microwave Background forms.

100 million years

  • The first small stars and quasars are formed.

200-300 million years

200 million years

300 million years

  • First objects of large scale are formed, protogalaxies and quasars that we know are formed, stars already burn hydrogen and stably transform into helium are called the Main Sequence.

380 million years

  • The quasar UDFj-39546284, one of the oldest quasars ever recorded is formed.

400 million years

  • GN-z11, the oldest galaxy is formed.

420 million years

470-500 million years

  • Abell 1835 IR1916, one of the oldest known galaxies forms, in Abell 1835 cluster.

Birth of Milky Way.png

600 million years

630 million years

  • GRB 090423, the oldest known gamma-ray burst emerges, confirming the fact that supernovae existed a long time ago.

670 million years

  • EGS-zs8-1, the first Starburst galaxy forms, proving that the interactions of galaxies and collisions between them are very common early in the universe.

700 million years

  • Normal galaxies form, small galaxies begin to unite and form larger galaxies.
  • UDFy-38135539, the first observed quasar in the reionization phase forms.
  • The dwarf galaxy z8 GND 5296 forms.
  • The galaxy or proto galaxy A1689-zD1 is formed.

720 million years

  • Formation of globular clusters like NGC 6723, form in the Milky Way.

740 million years

  • 47 Tucanae, the second brightest globular cluster of the Milky Way galaxy forms.

750 million years

  • IOK-1, a galaxy emitting Lymam Alpha, forms. GN-108036, a galaxy 5 times smaller than the Milky Way today, yet form 100 times more stars forms.

770 million years

  • ULAS J1120+0641, one of the most distant and known quasars is formed, one of the first galaxies showing a supermassive black hole, showing that the universe already had monsters very early.

800 million years

  • SDSS J102915+172927 is formed. HE 0107-5240 forms.
  • LAE J095950.99 + 021219.1 one of the most distant galaxies forms.
  • Messier 2 is formed.

870 million years

890 million years

  • SXDF-NB1006-2 forms.

900 million years

  • BDF-3299 forms.

910 million years

  • BDF-521 forms.

1 billion years

  • HCM-6A, the first observed normal galaxy forms.
  • SDSS J0100+2802 the hyperluminal quasar is formed.
  • HE 1327-2326 is formed.
  • Because the universe still has a small size, interactions of galaxies and collisions are very common, and increasingly larger, and there are also the first creation of galaxy clusters and superclusters.

1.1 billion years

  • CFHQS 1641+3755, a quasar, forms.
  • Messier 4 is formed.
  • Among the clusters and stars, the PSR B1620-26 b, the oldest known planet, forms.

1.13 billion years

  • Messier 12 is formed.

1.3 billion years

  • WISE J224607.57-052635.0, the brightest galaxy in the universe forms.
  • PSR J1719-1438 b, a planet made of diamond orbiting a pulsar forms.

1.31 billion years

  • Messier 53 is formed.

1.39 billion years

1.4 billion years

1.44 billion years

  • Messier 80, a cluster known to have many blue stragglers, forms.

1.5 billion years

  • Messier 55 is formed.

1.8 billion years

2.0 billion years

  • SN 1000+0216, a super bright supernova occurs, leaving behind a possible pulsar.
  • Messier 15 is formed, a globular cluster that possibly has a black hole of intermediate mass in its center, and also has a planetary nebula, Pease 1.

2.02 billion years

  • Messier 62, a globular cluster known to have many variable stars, forms.

2.2 billion years

  • NGC 6752, the third brightest cluster of the Milky Way, forms.

2.4 billion years

  • PKS 2000-330, a quasar, forms.

2.41 billion years

  • Messier 10 is formed. Messier 3, the prototype for globular clusters, is formed.

2.5 billion years

Birth of Gliese 581.png

3.0 billion years

3.3 billion years

  • BX442, the galaxy with well defined spiral arms is formed.

3.5 billion years

  • SN UDS10Wil occurs

3.8 billion years

  • NGC 2808 is formed.

4.0 billion years

  • 3C 9, a quasar, forms.
  • Andromeda forms after a collision with another galaxy, its colliding course with the Milky Way begins.
  • Barnard's Star is formed.
  • GRB 991216, a burst of gamma rays, happens.
  • Gliese 667Cc, a planet inhabited in Gliese 667C, forms.

4.1 billion years

  • 16 Cygni Bb, the first gas giant orbiting alone a trinitarian system, with possible inhabitable moons forms.

4.5 billion years

  • In Andromeda, very bright stars are beginning to appear.

5.0 billion years

  • Stars of Population I, or equal to the Sun, begin to be born.As these stars are rich in metals, the planetary nebula encased in them has the ability to create many rocky planets, moons, asteroids, and comets.

5.1 billion years

  • A galactic collision occurs with the Milky Way and in its spiral arms, many stars are born.

Birth of 55 Cancri and Kepler 11.png

5.3 billion years

  • 55 Cancri b, a Hot Jupiter, the first planet observed in the 55 Cancri A system is formed.
  • The Kepler 11 system, the most compact solar system, and Kepler 11 c, an oceanic planet, are formed.

5.8 billion years

  • 51 Pegasi b, the first planet orbiting a Main Sequence star, forms.

5.9 billion years

  • The HD 176051 system forms.

6.0 billion years

  • Many galaxies like NGC 4565 are stable, and elliptical galaxies arising from collisions like IC 1101 become more massive.
  • In this period, huge objects begin to form, many galaxies are now organized in giant structures and are getting larger and larger.

6.3 billion years

  • GRB 080319B, the burst of gamma rays further away seen with the naked eye, occurs. Terzan 7, a globular cluster rich in metals, forms in Sagittarius Dwarf.

6.5 billion year

6.9 billion years

7 billion years

  • Polaris, the Polar Star, and most important celestial guide, forms.

7.4 billion years

7.64 billion years

  • The Mu Arae system is formedl, Mu Arae c is among Earth's first observed terrestrial planets.

Birth of Kepler 452b.png

7.8 billion years

7.98 billion years

8.08-8.58 billion years

8.2 billion years

8.5 billion years

  • GRB 101225A, an explosion of gamma rays, lasting 28 minutes, happens.

8.8 billion years

  • Messier 67, an open cluster, forms.

9.0 billion years

9.13 billion years

9.2 billion years

  • A primordial Supernova, of our true mother star, is the possible origin of the Solar System.

Birth of Sun.png

9.2318 billion years

  • The Sun forms. the planetary nebula of the beginning accretion to form the planets.

9.23283 billion years

9.257 billion years

  • But because of accretion, many small planets form, and their orbits conflict.
  • Early Bombardment Phase begins.
  • Precambrian Superneon and Hadean begin on Earth, Pre-Noachian begins on Mars, Pre-Tolstojan begins on Mercury, A large planetoid collides with Mercury by throwing its crust into space, leaving only the mantle and core.
  • Vega is formed.
  • Galilean Moons are formed, and Europa and Titan also form.
  • Early heavy bombardment begins on Earth.

Theia Collision.png

9.266 billion years

  • Theia collides with the Earth, and from the onset of the Moon's appearance.
  • Boreas is ejected from the solar system.
  • With the Moon's gravity, it helps the Earth and stabilizes the axis of rotation.
  • Beginning of the Pre-Nectarian on the Moon.

9.271 billion years

  • A large collision with an object the size of Pluto establishes the Martian dichotomy.

9.3 billion years

9.396 billion years

  • Liquid water is brought to Earth through these comets and asteroids that go into the Inner Solar System, but the Earth's atmosphere at that time has too much Methane and Carbon Dioxide.

9.4 billion years

  • Formation of the Kepler 438 b, one of the Earth-like planets, on the protoplanetary disk of her star.

9.5 billion years

  • Massive meteors of meteors form Aitken basin at the South Pole of the Moon.

9.6 billion years

  • Mars, Earth and Moon begin intense active volcanic, Form to Tharsis Bulge on Mars, and Lunar Mare on the Moon.

9.7 billion years

  • Interactions between the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn cause it to distant from Neptune, causing the Late Heavy Bombardment in the Inner Solar System, causing the Herschel Crater in Mimas, which gives it a crater resembling the Death Star. And meteorites cause Hellas, Planitia and Anseris Mons on Mars.

9.8 billion years

  • HD 209458 b, the first planet discovered by the transit method is formed.
  • The Messier 85 deforms with interaction with another galaxy, and shells of gas form around it.
    Andromeda and Triangulum Incounter.png
  • Andromeda and Triangulum are very close to each other, Andromeda gains many new stars, while Triangulum is distorted.

9.861 billion years

  • Period of Great Impacts on the Moon, forming Mare Imbrium.

9.88 billion years

  • Mare Nectaris forms on the Moon due to a gigantic impact, Nectarian Era begins on the Moon.

9.9 billion years

  • Tolstoj crater forms on Mercury. Caloris Planitia forms on Mercury, making a "strange ground", increased seismic activity due to the volcanic activity on Mercury encompasses the planet.

9.95 billion years

  • The Late Imbrium Period begins on the Moon.

9.96 billion years

  • Formation of the Orientale Mare, the collision causes ripples on the surface of the Moon, causing three lines that look like three craters inside one another.

10 billion years

  • At the height of Late Heavy Bombardment impacts on the Moon, large tides of lava cause deep depressions on the Moon, and the period of greatest volcanic activity occurs on the Moon.
  • Archean eon begins on Earth, allowing the formation of continents and the Moon and Earth are very next to each other.

10.2 billion years

  • Alba Mons forms on Mars, the largest volcano in terms of area.

10.4 billion years

10.6 billion year

  • Amazonian period begins on Mars.
  • The climate of Mars gets denser, the groundwater on Mars freezes, and forms a layer freezes underneath the possible oceans in it.
  • Eratosthenian period begins on the Moon, the only thing that can change the surface of the Moon are impacts.

10.8 billion years

  • Beethoven Basin forms on Mercury, although it has many other similar craters on the Moon, it has no rings around it and is unique.

11.2 billion years

  • Proterozoic begins on Earth, more complex life begins to emerge.

11.8 billion years

  • After many collisions and interactions with other galaxies increase star births in Andromeda, births begin to fall.
  • The formation of the Hoag's Object after a collision. Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the Solar System, forms.

Sagittarious Dwarf(Before being ripped apart) Capture.png

12.1 billion years

  • Sagittarius Dwarf is captured by the Milky Way.

12.7 billion years

  • Copernican Period begins on the Moon, defined by bright white craters.

12.8 billion years

13 billion years

  • Copernicus crater forms on the Moon.

13.0-13.4 billion years

  • Epsilon Eridani forms, and in its protoplanetary disc the Epsilon Eridani b is formed.

13.076 billion years

13.175 billion years

Collision Between Antenna and Whirlpool Galaxy.png

13.2 billion years

  • HD 189733b forms around HD 189733A and HD 189733 B.

13.5-13.6 billion years

13.787 billion years

13.791 billion years

13.795 billion years

13.799 billion years

  • Present Day. Today, the Solar System lives its golden period, Earth has life, all planets and the Sun are stable, and orbit around a quiet galaxy, the Milky Way, and it has nice and friendly neighbors. And Earth is going to Terraform Mars.
  • But not everything is flowers, Andromeda is coming towards us, Many stars threaten to end life on Earth, Supernovas, Gamma Rays and other explosions can happen at any time, and scary Black Holes are showing that they are everywhere. And things will only get worse...

Events from Today

62 years

  • A star system known as V Sagittae is expected to go nova.

10,000 years

  • Wilkes Basin on Earth, will melt and raising the level of the oceans by 3-4 meters.
  • Antares A will explode in a Supernova, being easily visible by day.

25,000 years

  • The Northern Martian polar ice cap will melt.

36,000 years

  • Ross 248 will pass 3,024 light-years from Earth, making him the nearest star to us, but 8,000 years later he leaves, making Alpha Centauri A the nearest star of us again.

50,000 years

  • The Earth will inevitably enter a glacial period again. Niagara Falls will erode 32 miles and Lake Erie will no longer exist.

100,000 years

  • Due to the movement of the stars in the sky resulting from the movement of the Milky Way, the Constellations will be unrecognizable.
  • A supervolcano on Earth will have exploded.

300,000 years

  • Thousands of years will have passed and the WR 104 should explode in a gamma-ray burst, eventually hitting Earth, but the star's axis has not yet been accurately measured.

Earth and Asteroid.png

500,000 years

  • The Earth will be hit by a 1-kilometer meteor, assuming it is not avoidable.

1 million years

  • The Earth will undergo another super-eruption of a supervolcano...

Sun Meets Gliese 710.png

1.4 million years

2.7 million years

  • Half orbital life of the Centaurs, these objects live little because many collisions with each other due to influence of the Jovian planets.

10 to 1,000 million years

Death of Phobos.png

50 million years

100 million years

  • The Earth will be hit by an asteroid equal to the one that killed the dinosaurs, with 10 km.

180 million years

  • With the gradual decrease in the speed of rotation of the Earth, the days must have an hour more.

250 million years

  • All continents on Earth must merge again by creating another Pangea.

500–600 million years

  • It is estimated that an explosion of gamma rays or a supernova or hypernova will strike the Earth, causing a mass extinction.

600 million years

  • The Moon moves away from Earth enough that total eclipses do not happen anymore.

1.5–1.6 billion years

  • The Sun increases its brightness, and the habitable zone moves, Mars warms, and the Earth warms even more.

2.3 billion years

  • The core of the Earth freezes, the magnetic field disappears, the Earth is exposed, and probably will turn Mars 2.0

2.8 billion years

  • The Earth's temperature now reaches 149°C. At this point, life, practically unicellular and isolated, was probably dead.

3 billion years

  • Now the Moon will be so far away that its effect no longer helps the Earth, and as a consequence, the Earth's pole shift becomes chaotic.

3.3 billion years

3.5 billion years

A Runaway green house effect occurs on Earth making Earth more of a hellish version of Venus.

3.6 billion years

  • Triton, the largest moon of Neptune, will disintegrate and form rings like those of Saturn. Neptune will now have the most visible rings, since Saturn will have lost his a long time.

Milkdromeda Collision About To Happen.png

4 billion years

Milkdromeda 2.jpg

5 billion years

  • The Sun depletes its hydrogen, leaving the phase of Main Sequence, and will turn a red giant.

7.5 billion years

  • Earth and Mars have become Tidal locking for the Subgiant Sun.

7.59 billion years

  • The Earth and the Moon are most likely to be destroyed and fall into the Sun, just a little before the Sun reaches its maximum size as a red giant. Before that, the Moon will probably come very close to the Earth again, and will be destroyed by Earth, and its pieces will collide with Earth.

Solar System 5 Billion Years From Now.png

7.9 billion years

  • During this period, the moon of Saturn, Titan will probably acquire the ability to have life.

White Dwarf Sun.png

8 billion years

  • The Sun will become a white dwarf. At that point, if the Earth still exists, as well as the entire Solar System, its temperatures will fall very fast, because the Sun no longer produces the energy it produced.

22 billion years

  • The Big Rip scenario will possibly happen due to observation of the speed of galaxy clusters, there is a 0.991% chance of it occurring.

50 billion years

  • If the Earth and the Moon survive, the Sun will make them Tidal Locked, always showing the same face to it, but the Moon's orbit will cause the Earth to rotate again.

100 billion years

  • The expansion of the Universe will cause all galaxies beyond the Local Group to disappear from our line of sight.

150 billion years

  • The cosmic microwave background will be undetectable with our current technology.

450 billion years

800 billion years

1 trillion years

  • The formation of stars will probably be over, and the gas that forms them as well.
  • At that point, the universe has expanded so much that the Big Bang signal is no longer detectable with anything, but it will still be possible to study the velocity of expansion of the Universe behind hypervelocity stars.

4 trillion years

12 trillion years

  • Estimated time for stars like VB 10, the less massive star to exhaust its hydrogen and turn a white dwarf.

30 trillion years

  • Estimated time for the white dwarf Sun to find another star, with the approach of the two bodies, whatever is left of the Solar System, will be expelled.

100 trillion years

  • At that moment, all the gas that forms normal stars would end. That means the transition from Stelliferous Era to Degenerate Era. Without free hydrogen to form stars, those that remain will run out of hydrogen and die.

110–120 trillion years

Black Dwarf(Type).png

1 quadrillion years

  • Estimated time for one planet to find the other. At this point the Sun, which is now only 5K, will fall to absolute zero. Solar System ceases to exist.

10–100 quintillion years

  • Estimated time for all Brown Dwarfs and stars remaining, like the Sun, to be ejected from galaxies.

100 quintillion years

  • Estimated time until Earth and Mars collides with the Black Dwarf Sun, due to the decay of their orbit. That is if the Earth and Mars has not been destroyed by the Sun in the Red Giant phase.

1030 years

  • Estimated time for all non-ejected stars from galaxies to fall into the central supermassive black hole.

3×1043 years

  • Highest estimate for all protons to decay, Effectively killing planets and stars. If this happens, Black Holes will become the only celestial objects in the universe, Meaning the Black Hole Era will begin.

ProtonDecayOnABlackDwarf.png

1065 years

  • if the proton has not decayed, Estimated time for rigid objects like planets, to rearrange their atoms, And become liquid smooth spheres.

5.8×1068 years

  • Estimated time for a Stellar Mass Black Hole to disappear due to Hawking Radiation process.

6×1099 years

  • Estimated time for a supermassive black hole such as TON 618 to disappear.

Last Black Hole Death.png

1.7×10106 years

  • Time for a black hole of 20 trillion solar masses to disappear. This time marks the end of the Black Hole Era, after that period, if the proton decays, we have the Dark Era, and all the objects of the universe that still exist, will inevitably disappear.

101100-32000 years

  • If protons do not decay, This is the estimated amount of time that, Heavy black dwarfs (≥1.2 M☉) will explode into supernova. Dispelling the darkness of the degenerate era for a while.

101500 years

  • If the proton does not decay, this is the estimated time for all matter to turn into Iron-56, giving rise to Iron Stars.

101026 years

  • Estimated time for everything to exceed Planck's mass, and turn a black hole, if the proton does not decay, the Iron Stars will become black holes, and the neutron stars will also turn into black holes, giving a brief continuation to Black Hole Era.

101050 years

  • Estimated time for a Boltzmann's brain to appear in the via entropy.

101076 years

  • Highest estimated time for all Iron Stars to collapse into black hole, Which would evaporate instantaneously on these enormous timescales. assuming there was no proton decay.

1010120 years

  • Estimated time for the universe to finally die in a cold death and without heat, even with False Vacuum. (Heat Death)

10101056 years

  • Estimated time for random quantum fluctuations and quantum tunneling to create in isolation, a new Big Bangs, initiating a new universe, identical to our own.

Over an infinite amount of time, there could also a spontaneous entropy decrease by Poincaré recurrence theorem, or thermal fluctuations.

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